The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has ranked Nigeria as second highest-risk country where children are susceptible to the impact of climate change.
In its “Children’s Climate Risk Index” ranking of 163 countries released on Friday, the UN agency ranked Central Africa Republic (CAR) the highest risk country, while Nigeria and Republic of Chad followed as second on the list.
The report attributed Nigeria’s low rating to children’s high exposure to air pollution and coastal floods.
The report, however, noted that investment in social services, particularly child health, nutrition and education could help to reverse the trend, safeguard children’s future and provide better protection against climate change.
It added that “the 33 extremely high-risk countries – including Nigeria – collectively emit just 9 per cent of global CO2 emissions. Conversely, the 10 highest emitting countries collectively account for nearly 70 per cent of global emissions.
“Only one of these countries is ranked as `extremely high-risk’ in the index. Young people living in Nigeria are among those most at risk of the impacts of climate change, threatening their health, education and protection.
“Approximately one billion children, nearly half of the world’s 2.2 billion children, live in one of the 33 countries classified as ‘extremely high-risk’.
“These findings reflect the number of children impacted today, with figures likely to get worse as the impact of climate change accelerates.”
It quoted the UNICEF Nigeria Representative, Peter Hawkins, as saying that investment in water, healthcare and education would help to reduce the impact of climate change on children and protect their future.
Hawkins said that climate change remained a child’s rights crisis, adding that “so far, little had been done to address it.”
The report advised that greenhouse emissions be reduced, as children were more susceptible to toxic chemicals and temperature changes.
The UNICEF report ranked countries based on children’s exposure to climate and environmental shocks — such as cyclones and heatwaves, as well as their vulnerability to those shocks, based on their access to essential services.
The index reveals that globally, 240 million children are highly exposed to coastal flooding, while 330 million are highly exposed to coastal flooding.
It further revealed that “400 million children are highly exposed to cyclones and 600 million are highly exposed to vector borne diseases.
“Also, 815 million children are highly exposed to lead pollution and 820 million children are highly exposed to heat waves.
“920 million children are highly exposed to water scarcity and one billion children are highly exposed to exceedingly high levels of air pollution.”
The report called on governments, businesses and relevant stakeholders to increase investment in climate adaptation and resilience in key services for children.
These services, according to the report, include water, sanitation and hygiene systems, health and education services.
The report also called on countries to cut their emissions by at least 45 per cent by 2030 to keep warming to not more than 1.5 degrees Celsius.
It urged governments to include young people in all national, regional and international climate negotiations.
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